Based on 1 cup of raw garlic.
Softneck vs. Harneck
There are two different types of garlic, softneck and hardneck. Hardneck can be grown in colder climates while softneck does well in warmer climates. As you can see, the number of cloves is greater in softneck garlic but at a smaller size. They taste the same.
Garlic is a bulbed plant. Meaning that the underground area morphs leaves of the plant into the individual cloves. Onions are also bulbs but do not form cloves. When planting, you can plant seed or by clove which is must faster to sprout. Plant the seeds or cloves about 6 inches apart form each other. Garlic will take about 90 days to mature. Make sure to keep weeds down to a minimum and that your soil contains the appropriate amount of sulfur. This is because garlic gets its flavor from sulfur.